State of the Art for neuromorphic chips

  • 1987: Darpa publishes a Neural Network Study concluding that neural network has matured greatly since the Perceptron of the 50’s, but hardware capabilities are limiting its development.
  • 1993: The ZISC chip was invented by Guy Paillet, our CEO, and jointly developed with IBM-France, at the same time as the joint venture between Nestor and Intel was working on the NI1000 chip. The ZISC had 36 neurons and later 78 neurons.
    2007: General Vision designs and releases the CM1K chip, successor of the ZISC, featuring 1024 neurons. Read more>>
  • Prestigious universities and laboratories are designing neuromorphic chips such as the MIT, Stanford, GorgiaTech, and more, but again when will they be available to the public? how easy to use?
  • 2011: General Vision starts marketing and licensing the technology under the NeuroMem tradename (i.e. Neuromorphic Memories)
  • It seems that today, the only neuromorphic and neural network chips commercially available are NeuroMem Smart chips:
    • CM1K chip with 1024 neurons
    • Intel Quark SE processor including a Pattern Recognition Accelarator with 128 neurons
    • nepes NM500 with 576 neurons
  • What about FPGA? The NeuroMem IP is also available for FPGA and especially suitable for SOC running at high frequency. However, it is a viable solution only up to a certain number of neurons, after which the size and cost of the FPGA become unpractical for consumer appliances and IoT.